Helminths (parasitic worms) are common worldwide. They are especially common in hot countries and places with humid climates. In total, there are about 400 species of worms capable of infecting the human body. They are all divided into 3 categories: nematodes, cestodes and worms. At home, infestations caused by nematodes - roundworms, whose habitat is the intestine - are successfully treated. How to remove parasites from the body? What needs to be done to regain health without resorting to hospitalization?
Danger of parasites for humans
The pathological influence of parasites on humans depends on the stage of helminthiasis. Most known worms have a stage of larval development, which is characterized by the presence of migrating larvae in the patient's blood. It is observed:sensitization
- (conjunctivitis, swelling, rashes, lymphadenitis, tonsillitis);
- lung injury (cough, pneumonia);
- kidney and liver damage (bile duct block, jaundice, hepatitis, microhematuria);
- brain injury (meningitis, meningoencephalitis).
In the intestinal invasion stage, the clinical picture is slightly modified. The resulting symptoms are caused by mechanical damage to the intestinal mucous membranes, impaired absorption of nutrients and release of parasite waste products in the intestinal lumen.
In the classic version, intestinal helminthiasis is manifested as follows:dyspeptic syndrome
- (nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea);
- intoxication (weakness, fatigue, headaches and muscles, hyperthermia).
At the same time, changes in the composition of blood and faeces occur. In the feces, eggs of the parasite, its sexually mature forms and blood are detected. Anemia, hypoproteinemia, eosinophilic leukocytosis are seen in the blood.
Note: in practice, the clinical picture usually combines signs of the migratory and intestinal stages of the disease. This is because the patient who does not follow the rules of personal hygiene is reinfected. At the same time, the older parasites are already acquiring a sexually mature form, the new ones are going through the larval phase.
How to get rid of worms at home
Nematodes are usually treated at home. If necessary, it is possible to independently treat invasions caused by intestinal forms of cestodes (teniasis, teniarosis). Successful therapy of tissue forms of invasion is impossible without specialist supervision and the appointment of competent drug therapy. You can get rid of parasites with both medication and popular recipes.
9 popular broad-spectrum drugs against parasites
Modern anthelmintic drugs allow you to get rid of worms in a short period of time. Depending on the type of invasion, the duration of the course of therapy varies from 1 to 5 to 7 days. Most existing remedies have a broad spectrum of action and are effective against many parasitic diseases.
It is used for intestinal helminthiasis, has low toxicity and high efficiency. It is prescribed in a single dose, 10 mg / kg for enterobiasis and ascariasis, 10 mg / kg once daily for 3 days with no kotorosis. The tablets should be taken on an empty stomach, well chewed. Pirantel treatment during pregnancy requires some care. During the course, vague abdominal pain is possible.
Used for ascariasis, tricocephaly, enterobiasis and other helminthic invasions. 100 mg is prescribed once for adult patients. Children aged 2 to 10 years, the dose should be reduced to 25-50 mg. The tool is not used during pregnancy and lactation, or when the patient is less than 2 years old. Nausea or vomiting may occur during treatment.
It is used to treat almost all types of helminth infections. For the treatment of ankylostomiasis, enterobiasis and ascariasis, the drug is prescribed 0, 2 grams once. Other types of invasion require a long course of therapy. The tablets are taken orally after meals, without chewing. Contraindicated in pregnancy, diseases of the retina, lactation. With long strokes, alopecia, pancytopenia, dyspepsia are possible.
Most active in ascariasis. It can be used to treat non-katorosis, ankylostomiasis, enterobiasis. 150 mg is prescribed each time, preferably at night. For children, the dose is calculated according to formula 2. 5 mg / kg. Not used during pregnancy, breastfeeding, agranulocytosis. Side effects: dermatitis, sleep disorders, neuralgia, myalgia.
Apply against worms and ascaris. In ascariasis, 2 grams of the drug are prescribed twice a day. The course of treatment is 2 days. In enterobiasis, the course lasts for 5 days. The doses and the regime remain the same. The product is consumed after meals. Contraindicated in case of individual hypersensitivity. During the course of treatment, you may experience nausea or vomiting.
Most commonly used to treat tenuous helminthiasis. The daily dose for an adult is 2-3 grams. It is divided into 3 stages. Before using, the pills are crushed. The course of treatment is 4 days on average. The medicine is combined with a laxative. Contraindicated in kidney and liver failure, pregnancy, early childhood and old age. It can cause nausea, photophobia, exacerbation of dermatitis, allergic reactions.
A broad spectrum agent for the treatment of trematodes and cestodoses. It is prescribed at a dose of 0. 04 grams per kilogram of the patient's own weight. It is necessary to take the medicine several times a day, with an interval of not more than 6, but not less than 4 hours. The average course of treatment is 3-4 days. The exact duration of ingestion of the medication is determined by the doctor. Contraindicated in the first trimester of pregnancy, with ocular cysticercosis, liver disease, individual hypersensitivity of the patient to the drug components. During treatment, it is possible to develop dyspepsia syndrome, general toxic syndrome and allergic reactions.
A highly specialized medication for the treatment of enterobiasis. 5 mg is prescribed once. The tablet should be swallowed whole without chewing. The best results can be achieved if the treatment is carried out immediately after breakfast. A second course is possible not earlier than 2 weeks later. Contraindicated in intestinal diseases and multiple organ failure. Short-term nausea is possible after administration.
Indicated for nematodes, more effective for moth infestation. The course of treatment is 3 days for all invasions, with the exception of enterobiasis. In the latter case, the agent is taken once. The dose is calculated based on 10 mg / kg of body weight. You need to take pills in the morning and at night. During treatment, diarrhea, flatulence are possible. Contraindicated in pregnancy, lactation and early childhood.
The drugs described above are highly effective, but quite toxic. Therefore, its use is only possible in the absence of contraindications. Otherwise, it is necessary to use traditional medicines to get rid of the worms.
Children's remedies for worms: getting rid of parasites
A very narrow spectrum of drugs is used to treat young children. Young children are given medications such as pyrantel, piperazine, vanquin. These drugs have virtually no toxic effect. In addition, they are produced not only in the form of tablets, but also in the form of a suspension.
In suspension form, it is prescribed for children aged 6 months to 2 years. At six months of age, the agent is administered in doses of 2. 5 mg / 10 kg of body weight per dose. If the patient is older than 6 months, the suspension is administered in doses of 5 ml / 10 kg of body weight. The frequency of admission and the duration of treatment correspond to those of adults.
The tablets are prescribed for children after swallowing well. As a rule, at that point the child will be 2 years old. Dosages of pirantel tablets for children of different ages are shown in the following table:
|Age||Servings Per Serving|
|2-6 years||250 mg|
|6-12 years||500 mg|
|Over 12 years||750 mg|
The course of treatment and the frequency of admission of children does not differ from the treatment of adult patients. The dose is adjusted depending on the patient's age:
|Age||Servings Per Serving|
|Less than a year||200 mg|
|13-15||1. 5 grams|
Dosages can be changed by the attending physician according to the severity of the disease and the sensitivity of the parasites to the medication used.
It is permitted to use more toxic drugs for the treatment of children only with low effectiveness of the above means. During treatment, it is necessary to monitor the child's condition.
How to get rid of worms during pregnancy
It is not recommended to take any medication during pregnancy. During intrauterine development, the fetus is extremely vulnerable to chemicals. Therapy with anthelmintics can have a teratogenic effect, cause the child's developmental pathology.
If absolutely necessary, pregnant women can take piperazine and praziquantel. Other chemotherapeutic drugs are categorically contraindicated. The worms are treated with folk remedies or postponed until delivery.
We remove worms with folk remedies: 10 recipes
Folk remedies are an excellent method of treating helminthiasis caused by roundworms. The effectiveness of herbal medicines is reduced by infection with tape and worms. However, even so, natural medicines can help in the proper selection and use. The following recipes are considered to be the most effective:
A mixture of dry tansy, absinthe and cloves. The components are mixed in a 4: 1: 4 ratio, respectively. The dose for 1 dose is 1. 75 grams. The course of treatment is 2 weeks, with three daily doses. It is necessary to use the powder on an empty stomach, 3 times a day.
Garlic with milk
Squeeze the juice of 2 heads of garlic and add to a glass of warm milk. The mixture is drunk once a day, on an empty stomach, for 2-3 weeks.
For the treatment of helminthiasis, garlic can be consumed in its pure form during meals. To achieve the expected effect, it is recommended to consume 1 vegetable clove three times a day for 2 weeks.
1-2 teaspoons of crushed seeds, pour a glass of boiling water and leave to infuse until the mixture cools. Then, the infusion is filtered, placed in a glass bottle and taken in 100 ml, morning and night. The course duration corresponds to the time until helminth eggs are no longer detected in the faeces. On average, this takes 2 to 3 weeks.
They contribute to the elimination not only of intestinal parasites, but also of body tissues. The product is used raw. Heat treatment destroys anthelmintic substances present in seeds. You should use the seeds along with the husks, pre-grinding to a paste-like state, spilling milk. The daily dose is 200-300 grams for an adult. Cleaning enemas are recommended during treatment.
To prepare the tincture, take 1 part of the dried and chopped wormwood herb and 2 parts of vodka. The components are mixed and removed in a dark, dry place for 2 weeks. After that, the drug is considered ready. It should be consumed in 30-50 ml twice a day, on an empty stomach. For the treatment of pediatric patients, the tincture is not used.
Spicy seasonings (all types of peppers) are generally used to prevent roundworm infestation. No special recipe is needed for its use. Just add a dash of hot spice to your food every day.
Used as a bottle. 2 tablespoons of chopped herbs are placed in 400 ml of boiling water and infused for two hours. Then the product is filtered and consumed 0. 5 cup 4 times a day before meals. The course of treatment is 10 days.
Green nut shells (4 pieces) are crushed and infused in a glass (250 ml) of boiling water. After cooling, the product is filtered and taken before meals for 1/3 cup. The dose prepared at once should be drunk during the day in 3-4 doses. The course of treatment is 2 weeks.
Onions or chives are eaten in the same way as garlic. For the treatment of helminthiasis, up to 3 small heads can be consumed per day. As a preventive measure, just eat an onion a day. The remedy helps to remove the worms from the body in 1-2 weeks.
During the treatment of parasites, whatever the methods of execution, personal hygiene rules must be observed. The disturbed parasites usually begin to move actively and leave the intestines through the anus. This is especially true for worms and ascaris.
Note: most folk remedies are contraindicated during pregnancy. Without fear, you can use pumpkin seeds, nutshell, onion and garlic in small amounts (onion - 0, 5-1 small heads per day, garlic - 2-3 cloves per day).
When thinking about how to get rid of worms in a person, you should not rely only on clinical symptoms that confirm their presence. A common mistake for people who take anti-lust therapy at home is to stop taking their medication after the obvious signs of the disease have disappeared. The treatment course must be completed. The exception is when the drug is poorly tolerated by the patient. In such situations, you should visit a parasitologist for advice and selection of a less toxic agent.